Although no longer in power, Thaksin still plays a pivotal role in Thailand’s politics. Currently living in self-exile, he has been making video calls and having it broadcasted to his supporters back home in Thailand.
The power of technology has allowed him to claw back into politics without the physical need to be on home soil. Having been found guilty of corruption charges and awaiting imprisonment, Thaksin is finally throwing his wild cards and refuses to return back home to face the impending jail term.
Instead, he has decided to broadcast his speeches from abroad to his large group of supporters, who mainly come from the poor communities of Thailand. His pro-poor community policy has won the hearts of many poor but has enraged the middle-class as well as the rich, who suffer and have finally stepped up against him.
The People’s Alliance for Democracy Party (PAD), has been occupying the main government building, where the Prime Minister’s office is for several months and has refused to move unless the Prime Minister steps down from office. The Prime Minister under pressure is of course, related to Thaksin.
At this point of time, the Anti-Government supporters has since taken to the streets and has Bangkok’s two main airport under their occupation. Recent clashes between Anti-Government supporters dressed in yellow and Pro-Government (Pro-Thaksin) supporters dressed in red has seen several people dead, wounded and many stranded at the airport.
Thailand as many around the world acknowledge, is a democratic country where its people vote to power their representatives into parliament. Policies which strike a close chord to one’s heart and mind gets the votes. With such a government system in place, Thais are also allowed to show demonstrations. The monarchy, however still plays an important role in the politics, though much less.
Henceforth, is there really one suitable way of governance?
Is being truly democratic good for the people or will it only cause more problems and dissections between the nation?
There are several types of governance in the world adopted by different countries. Every single country adopts a different type of governance, one which is found to be most suitable to its people, culture and heritage.
The economy of a government can be divided into the following three sections:
Capitalism: In a capitalist or free-market economy, people own their own businesses and property, and must buy services for their own personal use.
Socialism: In a socialist economy, the government owns many of the larger industries and provides health, education and welfare services to its citizens whilst allowing its citizens to have some economic choices.
Communism: In a communism economy, the government owns everything but provides its people with all the services required.
Next after the economy comes the politics of the government. How the country should be run can be divided into the following:
Dictatorship: As many know, this government politics is ruled by a single leader who has not been elected or may have come to power by use of force. In military dictatorship, the army is in control. In dictatorship, there is little or no attention to public or individual rights.
Totalitarian: A totalitarian state is one whereby the country is ruled by one party and its people are forced to do what the government tells them to and may also be prevented from leaving the country.
Theocracy: Theocracy governments rule based on a set of religious beliefs and ideas or as direct agents to deities.
Monarchy: A monarchy government is one where the country is ruled by the king or queen. Power is passed down through the family blood.
Parliamentary: A parliamentary system is led by representatives of the people. The person chosen remains in power for as long as the party does.
Republic: A republic is led by representatives of the voters. Each person is chosen individually for a period of time.
Anarchy: Anarchy is when there is no government. Usually caused by civil war causing the government to be destroyed and there is a struggle for power.
So, with the economy and politics of a government comes the authority. Who actually picks the government?
Revolutionary: The existing structure is overthrown by a completely new group. The new group can be very small – such as the military – or very large – as in a popular revolution. After a period of time, this ‘becomes’ one of the other type of government (unless there is another coup or uprising).
Totalitarian: Rule by a single political party. Votes for alternative candidates and parties are simply not allowed. Citizens are allowed and ‘encouraged’ to vote, but only for the government’s chosen candidates.
Oligarchy/ Plutocracy: A form of government which consists of rule by an elite group who rule in their own interests, especially the accumulation of wealth and privilege. Only certain members of society have a valid voice in the government. This can reflect (but is not limited to) economic interests, a particular religious tradition (theocracy), or familial rule (monarchy).
Democracy: In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote – which is a majority of the population – has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.
Having listed all the type of governments available, almost every country in the world combines 2 or more of these systems.
My take on Singapore?
We probably adopt the Oligarchy, Democracy, Parliamentary, Republic governance and we are in a Capitalist and Socialist state of economy.